From sowing, irrigation, fertilizer, cleaning and until the moment of transplanting a cleaning and until the moment of transplanting a plant we must take into account fundamental care so they do not damage it and remains healthy. Each of these steps involves a series of requirements that you should pay attention to if you want your green friend to develop properly.
When transplanting a plant, we must take into account several factors but, in particular, we must consider what type of plant we are talking about: is it indoors? Is it exterior? Is it in the flowering stage? Also, you must remember that when moving any plant species it is necessary to make all the steps from scratch again: prepare the substrate and the roots, plant, and water, etc. Here, we teach you in great detail how to transplant a plant correctly. Let’s go there!
How to transplant a plant
Each plant species requires a specific form of care; that is, if you ask how to transplant a cactus or how to transplant a particular orchid, for example, you should know that each species will need specific attention. However, when we talk about indoor plants, there are a series of general steps to follow that you should keep in mind:
You have an estimated time of 1 to 2 years to make an exchange. If you see that there are more roots than the substrate in your plant, an urgent change is necessary, since it is not good to have congestion in the capellón.
If the roots come out through the holes in the drain, you should also prepare a substitution, as the substrate will surely lose its nutrients.
How to transplant an indoor plant: step by step
- Remove the root ball from the old pot carefully.
- Next, lightly fill the bottom part of the new pot with the new substrate.
- Next, you can proceed to place the root ball in the center of the new pot.
- When you have finished this step, fill the empty edges of the pot with peat or compost, but never do it with garden soil.
Once this transplant is done, it is essential that you water it until it is completely wet so that it can grow strong and healthy. Remember, however, that you should not puddle the surface of the pot, because you could drown the plant.
It is important that the first few days be kept in an illuminated space, but without exposure to direct sunlight or high temperatures, as this could seriously damage the plant.
How to transplant outdoor plants
The steps to transplant an outdoor plant are not very different from those we have indicated for indoor plants. While it is true that other factors must be taken into accounts such as the reason for the transplant (for aesthetics or health of the plant species) and the place where it is planned to locate, the basic principles are the same. As we have done with the previous section, we propose some considerations that you should take into account:
What kind of plant do you want to transplant?
What size it occupies in its maximum development (if you want to plant, for example, a tree like the cherry tree, you must prioritize a space enough for its growth).
To begin, avoid breaking the root ball or ground loaf that covers the roots. You must dig around the plant to make it safer and have less impact.
Next, you should wrap the root ball with a strong plastic or mesh to avoid general damage to the plant.
For transplanted plants, the soil must be properly prepared. To do this, you must mix different materials that provide nutrients such as compost, fertilizer, and peat. Great advice? Try to make the composition as organic as possible.
Next, place the root ball inside the excavated hole and then proceed to fill the voids with the substrate.
Once the previous steps have been carried out, there is to irrigate the surface of the transplant until it is completely wetted. Again, remember that an excess of water could choke the plant, so be careful.
How to transplant flowering plants
Transplanting a flowering plant is a delicate issue with which you have to be careful because it is a process in which the plant species spend more energy than normal. This time of flowering brings more stress and a slower recovery of nutrients.
To carry out the transfer process, from one pot to another or from one place in the garden to another. We must take three important factors into account: the first is that roots of the root ball must not be separated under any circumstances. The second is that you must keep the plant hydrated continuously for
The third factor refers to taking special care not to mistreat the roots because, as we have said, it is a delicate moment for the plant and its growth.
How to transplant flowering plants
- The first thing you should do is prepare the plant with continuous irrigation for 3 or 4 days before transplanting.
- Next, choose the right place or pot for the exchange. In this way, the roots will grow more, and the substrate will provide more nutrients to the plant.
- Prepare the furrow or pot where you plan to plant the plant. In this last case, fill the bottom with a substrate rich in nutrients and minerals.
- When you have finished the previous step, remove the plant species (together with the root ball) from the place where it is planted. To facilitate extraction, it is necessary that the soil is sufficiently humid. Make sure that the roots suffer the least possible damage.
Subsequently, place the plant with the root ball attached to the furrow or pot. Once there, fill in the free spaces with fertilizer or peat, depending on the specific species you are transplanting.
As a final step, water the surface of the substrate until completely moistened.
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