How to make an ecological garden
Making an ecological garden requires a very different approach to making a conventional garden. The eco-friendly approach is the only, but essential, difference that finally marks the result in aspects such as the distribution of space, the use of recycled material, irrigation with rainwater, the use of organic seeds or, for example, the promotion of autonomous biodiversity .
But, where to start? Once we choose the plants, whether they are organic seeds, cuttings taken from nature or plants with bio certification. We will plan the space intelligently, trying to combine their needs with an efficient use of irrigation. And if we wish, also with the ornamental effect.
Basic tips for ecological garden
Plant and fertilize
The idea is to get plants that need little irrigation, which initially would be the most recommended, are grouped in sunny areas. And leave more shaded areas for those who need more intensive irrigation. In this way, we will avoid wasting water. And we will help to survive the summer to the plants with the greatest need for water.
In addition, it is important to discard seasonal plants to avoid having to change them and. If possible, we will choose the native species or, even better, that are also in danger of extinction.
Choose the seeds for our garden
The choice of bio seeds, on the other hand, guarantees that they have not undergone genetic modifications. Or alterations due to fertilizers, pesticides or other artificial treatments.
Each plant has a recommended planting time, but in general we have in mind that we will save more water when doing it in the autumn. Because this way they will have time to grow until the following spring and summer. So we will not have to water so much so that they grow.
Type of soil
The type of soil also influences a greater or lesser frequency of irrigation. As well as the needs of fertilizer. It is key to know the characteristics of the land to find out if it has good drainage and what type of compost we have to create at home to compensate for deficiencies of organic matter.
In case of buying the land, let’s choose the ecological one. Some have earthworm humus and drain water properly. And the best pots of natural clay or, why not, recycle furniture or old objects. Or pallets to make original pots or planters.
Watering and chasing pests
The drip irrigation system is suitable for sandy soils. And on the contrary, if it is clay, irrigation will be frequent and in small quantities. Also, the collection of rainwater in specific drums will be a very interesting solution for the health of the plants and to save water.
Combating pests without using chemicals can seem impossible. However, there are green alternatives that combat them in an ingenious way. Although there are organic products in the market, homemade tricks give a good result.
Crush eggshells or ash and sprinkle them on the ground, make natural pesticides by mixing vinegar, onion, garlic in different proportions. Or cover a plant circumstantially with a thin cloth (grid type, like those used to protect fruits), they are some tricks that work.
If the situation is out of control, look for bio products that are safe if applied to edible plants. On the other hand, as prevention, strategically choosing certain types of plants that scare away some. Or other types of insects is also effective.
That is, combating pests by creating a certain ecosystem. On the one hand, will allow us to take advantage of the predatory function of the insects that come and thus achieve a general equilibrium. While on the other we will attract wildlife.
As we promote the native plants, his is to attract wildlife to our ecological garden. No, I do not mean wolves or wild boars. But squirrels, pollinating insects, beetles, small reptiles, amphibians, dragonflies, birds, etc.
Large stones piled up, natural ponds are hiding places that will appreciate amphibians and small animals. And, of course, if we want to help our friends the bees, in our ecological garden they will find flowers free of pesticides where they can make happy. In general, they can be attracted to any flower, like butterflies, but we can also choose some that they especially like.
Organic vegetables without leaving home
If the garden is spacious, a very popular alternative idea with great benefits is the planting of a ecological garden. An organic crop that will improve the whole garden and our quality of life. For this task you can use a square base, a large flowerpot or delimit a space with wooden stakes or glass bottles with the base up.
It is important to place the ecological garden away from trees that remove water and avoid walls that can avoid sunlight. The sunniest part should be for the planting of tomatoes, peppers and fruit, while vegetables such as lettuce, spinach, broccoli or beans would be placed in the darkest space. Each type of plant requires its water level, solar exposure and self-care. To rid the vegetables of pests , the aromatic plants mentioned can also be grown. Keep in mind that, during the winter, we will need adequate protection against wind or low temperatures.
The soil should be thoroughly removed before planting and enriched with home compost so that organic products grow more natural and tasty. In the long run, it has been shown that the ecological urban ecological garden is a saving and the quality of fruits and vegetables is usually exceptional.